Sun International Time Square Main Arena

The Sun Arena at Time Square in Menlyn Maine is the biggest live entertainment venue in Pretoria. The purpose of the arena is to create an events and performance space where some of the biggest music concerts in South Africa will be held.

The multi-faceted brief to the architect was to create a performance venue that could seat 8 500 people and could be adapted to accommodate 1300 banquet guests and up to 18000 delegates in a school room format. The client wanted a continuous roofspan without any columns and the arena had to incorporate all of bells and whistles that would make it an arena of international standard. The fly tower height of the arena, which is the framing around the stage, is of international standard which means that many international performers will be able to perform at the Sun Arena.

The project wasn’t envisaged in steel from the start. The columns on which the edged gutter and roof wedges sit were originally conceived in concrete, but due to steel offering faster construction times, this was later changed to steel. The roof structure, which is a tubular truss frame roof, plus a large gutter were done in steel. The gutter of the roof has a steel construction tension ring and there is a compression ring in the centre of the roof trusses.

The design team had to create an acoustic sandwich out of the cladding because the performance arena had to be insulated from noise from traffic and weather, and it also had to prevent interference from the concert to neighbouring facilities. The cladding also had to be watertight so that the arena would be kept dry during bad weather. Global Roofing Solutions supplied 86 tonnes of cladding to cover the 1300m2 cladding area for the project. The company’s widely popular KlipTite system was specified for the project.

The geometry of the cladding of the Sun Arena is particularly interesting because the roof was designed as a series of wedges. A curved gutter edge, however, meant that when an edge intersected with a curve, it would lead to a varying height at the bottom. During the project, the team had to resolve how they were going to marry the varying heights at the bottom of the cladding that resulted from the combination of curved gutter edges and roof wedges.

The roof has a 96m, column-free span, which is unusually large. While there are many long span roofs in warehousing projects, the unique acoustic envelope that the team had to create makes it an exceptional project.

The entire project team worked together from the start to conceive the structure and decide on the appropriate materials for the arena. The main contractor was involved in all stages of the project so that the goal of creating an economic, structurally efficient and aesthetically pleasing structure could be achieved. The team also worked in a 3D modelling program called REVIT, which led to digital design-led decision making and information sharing.

STRUCTURAL STEELWORK
Tons of structural steel used Approx. 1 800 tons
Structural profiles used Tubular Steelwork up to 1000mm diameter in roof,  Hot rolled in Sub-grid and Seating

Project Team

Project Team Role Company
Nominator CADCON (Pty) Ltd
Client/ Developer SUN INTERNATIONAL
Architect LYT Architects
Structural Engineer WSP
Quantity Surveyor MLC
Main Contractor WBHO
Steelwork Contractor CADCON (Pty) Ltd
Steel Erector On Par
Cladding Contractor Chartwell Roofing
Corrosion Protection
Paintwork Contractor
Dram Industrial Coatings
Photographer, Photo competition SUN INTERNATIONAL

 

GO DURBAN INTERGRATED RAPID PUBLIC TRANSPORT NETWORK (IRPTN)(BUS STATIONS)

What is the purpose of the structure/ project?

Construction of Prototype bus station for as part of Integrated bus rapid transport system

What was the brief to the architect?

To design and create a visually pleasing structure with Universal access, be Energy efficient, be ahead of current times, and take Durban Integrated rapid transit into the future.

Give a brief description of the structural framing. What type of sections were used (e.g. hollow, cellular, I beams etc) and why?

Generally square hollow tubing was used on most structural members, due to its light weight and excellent structural strength properties. Custom made hollow tubes had to be manufacture for the front and exit canopy legs, for aesthetic requirements.

Give a brief description of the cladding process (complexity, difficulty, innovation etc)

The project does not consist of any radically new innovation, but rather a creative way of using some common construction materials to create a homogeneous and appealing structure, which involved the erection of a structurally stable steel frame, which was then covered with steel roof and clad with a glass façade.

Give a brief description of the Light Steel Frame Building element of the project. (Notable features/ achievements made possible by LSFB)

Internally the roof has been insulated and the profile of the structure followed with an aluminium ceiling. This ceiling houses the light fixtures, and other emergency services required for puplic buildings.

Were there any challenges in the fabrication of the project from the engineer’s design – if yes, please tell? Tell more about fabrication and erection process if it was complex, difficult, innovative etc. 

A detailed coating spec was required for long term protection of the structural elements, due to the proximity to the ocean and industrial fallout in the area. This required all structural steel member to be galvanised and coated with a duplex paint coating system. The initial project specification required frame member be continuously welded and no bolted joints allowed.  Due to the length (slenderness) and shape(U) of the portal frame members, and possible distortion of structural member during the galvanising process, full galvanising of the originally designed members proved to be impossible without possible areas of coating weakness due to site welding. It was recommended to the engineer that a bolted joint be placed in the structural elements, hidden from view, in the ceiling/roof area. Thus reducing the size of the elements and improving handling of the elements, the ability to fully apply the specified coating systems, this would all  could be achieved without disturbing the long slender appearance of the legs, that the architect required.

What is special/ unusual/ innovative/ aesthetic about the steelwork/cladding
in this project?

The construction of project specific box sections for the front and exit canopies, to achieve the correct angle and shape required. Using 3D software non-standard box section were created to support the front and exit canopies

How did the project team work together (e.g contractor involved early, challenges/ ease of communication etc.)

The project team had to work closely with the architect, numerous changes were made to the structure initially (front and exit canopy) due to the specific planes and angles required to match the anticipated glass façade structure. 3D software was used to create the structure and ensure that the finer details could be achieved.

Tons of structural steel used 25 TONS
Structural profiles used CFLC 125x50x2.5 ; CFLC 100X50X2.5 ; UB 203X133X25

SHS 200X200X4.5 ; SHS 150X150X4.5 ; SHS 60X60X4.5

RHS 200X100X6.0 ; RHS 160X80X5.0 ; PLATES – 20MM;

16MM; 8MM; 6MM; 3MM; ANGLE 150X150X10 ;

UNEQUAL ANGLE 150X75X10 ; ANGLE 70X70X6 ;

ANGLE 40X40X3 ; FLAT BAR – 25MM, 20MM, 12MM;

8MM, 6MM, 5MM ; ROUND BAR – 60 DIA.

Tons of LSF used 5.257 TONS
Span of trusses and Kg/m2 (if applicable) 200 Meters of Balustrading
Profiles used 75×3 CHS S/S ; 80x40x2.5 RHS ; 20 RB ; 50×3 CHS S/S ; 10 RB ; 60x60x4.5 SHS ; 100x50x4.5 RHS ; 60×10 FL BAR
Type of cladding Hunter Douglas – Ceilings and Louvers
Cladding profile/ type used Brownbuilt Klip-Lok 406 (roof)
Cladding area/ coverage and tonnage Area 466m2

Project Team

Project Team Role Company
Nominator Shesha Engineering
Client/ Developer eThekwini Municipality
Architect Iyer
Structural Engineer Linda Ness Associates
Engineer (Site) MCA
Quantity Surveyor LDM
Project Manager MCA
Main Contractor Phayindani J.V
Steelwork Contractor Shesha Engineering
Steel Erector Shesha Engineering
Cladding Manufacturer HB Interiors

MJ Cheater Roofing

AGS Glass fibre

Cladding Supplier Hunter Douglas

City glass

Global roofing

Cladding Contractor HB Interiors

MJ Cheater Roofing

AGS Glass fibre

Corrosion Protection
Galvanising
Pinetown Galvanising
Corrosion Protection
Paintwork Contractor
Scott Clean
Photographer, Photo competition Lisa Woest Photography
Photographer, Other submitted images Qanza construction